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About ethiopia

edited October 2012 in World Wide

Located in the North-Eastern part of Africa, the Horn, Ethiopia is bounded on the East by Djiboutiand Somalia, on the North and North-East by Eritrea, on the South by Kenya and on the West bythe Sudan. Ethiopia is a country of great geographical diversity. It has high and rugged mountains, flat-toppedplateau called ‘Ambas’, deep gorges, river valleys and rolling plains. It’s altitude ranges fromthe highest peak at RasDashen (4620 Metres above sea level) down to the Dalol depressionwhich is 148 metres below sea level. A large part of the country comprises of high plateau and mountain ranges with precipitous edges dissected by rushing streams that are tributaries ofbigger rivers.


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    Ethiopia follows the Julian calendar, which consists of twelve months of 30 days each and a 13thmonth of five days (six in a leap year). The calendar is seven years and eight months behind theWestern (Gregorian) calendar.
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    Though the landscape of Ethiopia is varied and fascinating, it is the people of this countrythat make it one of the most amazing places on Earth. Ethiopia, like most countries in Africa, is a multi-ethnic state. Although the originalphysical differences between the major ethnic groups have been blurred by centuries ofintermarriage, but, the people remain distinct and unique. Ethnic differences may also be observed from the great variety of languages spoken in the country,of which there are an astonishing eighty-three, with 200 dialects. These can be broken into fourmain groups: Semitic, Cushitic, Omotic and Nilo-Saharan.

    The Essentials Language

    Amharic is the official language of the state. English, Italian, French, and Arabic are widely spoken inthe country. Eighty-three indigenous languages with 200 dialects are spoken out of which Oromiffaand Tigrigna is common in Addis Ababa.


    The majority of the country follows two main religions. Ethiopian Orthodox Christian and Muslim .


    Despite its proximity to the equator, its lofty altitude - the third highest capital in the world Addis Ababaenjoys a mild, Afro-alpine climate.
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    Ethiopia is a land with a very unique culture and heritage. With a history going back thousandsof years, it is one of the oldest nations in the world. This has resulted in a unique culture that isinteresting and rare. We hope world travelers and Ethiopians alike will travel to historic sites andmake Ethiopia the premier tourist destination in the world. Ethiopia is located in a landscape that goes from one of the lowest points on earth sinking belowsea level, to some of the highest points reaching well over 4,000 metres above sea level in thehighlands and mountains. The landscape of the country is beautiful and varied, from lush greenrainforests to dry salt-lakes, from vast lakes to high mountains... There is so much to see andexperience in this wonderful place!

    Historical Attraction

    The country has a rich tapestry of history woven with fascinating facts and legends: the often-told tale of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba; the journey of theArk of the Covenant, which is now said to rest in Axum; and the growth of theancient Axumite kingdom and the birthplace of Christianity. In later years the rise ofIslam; the story of King Lalibela, who is reputed to have founded eleven rock-hewnchurches, still in existence today and considered among the Wonders of the World; and thefabled castles of Gondar. This ancient history melts with the modern day to make Ethiopia the unique and unforgettablecountry it is today. A history lover will find plenty to see and explore.
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    Natural Beauty

    Ethiopia, which covers an area as large as France and Spain combined, is situated inthe northeastern Horn of Africa, equidistant between the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn. It is a country of immense geographical contrasts. The high mountains,which in the Simien and Bale ranges tower well over 4,000 metres above sealevel, give way to flat lowlands, sinking below sea level in the Danakil Depression.Temperatures range from icy cold in the high mountains to humid and wet in the lowlands.
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    Lake Tana

    Rivaling the attraction of the Blue Nile Falls are the thirty-seven islands scattered about on the3,000 square kilometer surface of Ethiopia’s largest body of water, Lake Tana. Read
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